Drupal 8 Shield Module
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The Drupal 8 Shield module allows you to protect your site using a simple htaccess authentication. It’s great for sites that you are working on that you don’t want the world (or Google) to see yet. This way you can send the site to a client or anyone really to test and just provide them the username/password to view the site. Once it’s ready to go, you can launch the site and remove this module.
If you have ever wanted to password protect your Drupal site, the Shield module will help with that!
Install the Drupal 8 Shield module like you would any other Drupal module. Note that it shows up in the module list as PHP Authentication Shield.
Once it’s installed, click on the Configure link to get to the configuration page.
It’s recommended to leave the Allow command line access checkbox checked. This will not let the Shield module affect command line access using tools such as Drush. You will want to fill out the Username and Password based on what you want a user to use to access the site.
Note: The Authentication message does not seem to work when I tested it with Chrome.
Click the Save configuration button and you should immediately see the authentication popup. You can test this out in a private browsing or incognito window to see it again. Once you enter the correct username and password, you will be able to access every page on your site.
That’s all there is to it. This works well for development and staging environment while you are developing the site but want the client to be able to look at it. Now go out and password protect your Drupal sites!